年金To Persons Working Abroad(Social Security Agreement)

Social Security Agreement

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Challenges Arising from International Human Mobility

As international human mobility increases, the following problems are arising on employees sent abroad   from Japan as well as employees sent to Japan:

  1. (1)Dual Coverage
    Employees sent to other country to work there generally remain covered by the public pension system of their own country. As a result they are obliged to pay contributions to the public pension systems of both countries.
  2. (2)Secure of Pension Entitlement
    As is the case with the Japanese public pension system, certain periods of coverage are often required to receive old-age pension benefits under the pension systems of foreign countries. Employees sent to other countries for short periods are often unable to fulfill the pension entitlement of the country due   to their insufficient periods of coverage.

Concluding Social Security Agreement

In order to solve those problems, Japan concludes social security agreements that contain the following    two main points:

  1. (1)Coordination of Applicable Legislation
    If the period of detachment does not continue beyond five years, employees are exempt from the   legislation of the receiving country and subject only to the legislation of their own country, whereas if the period of detachment continues beyond five years, they are subject only to the legislation of the receiving country.
  2. (2)Totalization of Periods of Coverage
    Social security agreements facilitate pension entitlements by totalizing periods of coverage under both countries so as to fulfil the qualifying periods required to receive pension benefits from each country. The amount of pension benefit will be calculated in proportion to the periods of coverage under each country.

What is Social Security Agreement (SSA) ? [PDF:170KB]

Application forms and instructions

You can find application forms and instructions on the Japan Pension Service website.
Please visit your nearest pension branch office to submit applications under social security agreement.
 

Present Status of Social Security Agreements of Japan



Present Status of Social Security Agreements of Japan[PDF:517KB]

Social Security Agreements with Other Countries

Social Security Agreements with Other Countries