Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare


◇International Contributions◇

0. Preface

Water supply is the essential social infrastructure to improve public health and living environment.
In 2015, it is estimated that 663 million people worldwide still use unimproved drinking water sources, including unprotected wells , springs and surface water.
To counter this situation, a new global agenda - the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - was unanimously adopted by the member states of the United Nations in 2015.
The agenda included a dedicated goal on water (Goal 6) that aims to “ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all in 2030.”


Then, The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply that has been producing regular estimates of global, regional and national progress of drinking water, developed a new service ladder of facilitate enhanced monitoring of drinking water during the SDGs era.
The rungs on the ladder are designed to enable countries at difficult stages of development to benchmark and compare progress over time.

Source: Safely managed drinking – water Thematic report on drinking – water 2017, WHO, UNICEF

As a result of working towards this goal, as of 2017, 117 countries (and four out of SDG regions had estimates for safely managed services, representing 38% of the global population around the world.
5.3 billion people used safely managed services.
An additional 1.4 billion used at least basic services.
206 million people used limited basic services, 435 million used unimproved sources, and 144 million still used surface water.

Source: Progress on household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene 2000 - 2017, WHO, UNICEF

80 countries had >99% basic water coverage.
One in three countries with <99% were on track to achieve nearly universal coverage by 2030.

Source: Progress on household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene 2000 - 2017, WHO, UNICEF

The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare has formulated the “New Waterworks Vision,” which shows the immediate efforts for water supply in the future 50 to 100 years from now.
One of the three ideals of this vision, “Sustainable Water Services,” calls for “international expansion” and contributes to achieving the SDGs goals.

1. International cooperation in water supply sector

Japan emphasizes the importance of capacity development, such as the development of the organizations, policies, systems, information and data, and human resources of the governments of developing countries as well as water supply utilities, for proper operation and maintenance and management, under the “Water and sanitation broad partnership initiative (WASABI) (2006),” the Japanese policy of Official Development Assistance (ODA) on water and sanitation sector.

Technical cooperation including the dispatch of technical experts and trainings of staff is the measure to realize the above policy. Among bilateral ODA, the details of technical cooperation, grant aid, and government loan are explained hereafter. Most of the projects on international cooperation in water supply sector are conducted by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

Source:JICA PROFILE(2019.10)

1) Technical Cooperation

[1]Dispatch of technical experts

To supply safe and high quality water continuously, both water supply facilities appropriate for each natural and social condition and human resources capable of operation and maintenance of their system, are highly important.

MHLW recommends staff of Japanese Water Supply Utilities and related organizations as technical experts to JICA and sends them to developing countries in order to contribute to enhance central and local human capacity for the better management and administration of water supply services.

●The Number of JICA Experts of Water Supply Sector Dispatched by the Recommendation of Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare

Fiscal Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Long Term 7 5 4 9 7 6 8 6 5 10 9
Short Term 14 27 30 45 49 29 29 33 35 16 16
Sum 21 32 34 54 56 35 37 39 40 26 25

Survey by JICA

●Long Term Experts from Water Supply Utilities in FY2019

Country

Project

Organization

Malawi

The Project for Strengthening the Capacity of Non-Revenue Water Reduction for Lilongwe Water Board

Yokohama City

Timor-Leste

Advisor on improvement of Water Supply of DNSAS

Chiba Prefecture

Myanmar

Yangon City Water Administration and Supply Advisor

Fukuoka City

Sri Lanka

Project for Enhancement of Operational Efficiency and Asset Management Capacity of Regional Support Center-Western South of NWSDB

Nagoya City

Laos

Capacity Development Project for Improvement of Management Ability of Water Supply Authorities (MaWaSU2)

Saitama City

Kawasaki City

Cambodia

Project on Strengthening Administrative Capacity of Urban Water Supply

Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare

Kitakyushu City

Survey by JICA

●Short Term Experts from Water Supply Utilities in FY2019

Country

Project

Organization

Cambodia

Project on Strengthening Administrative Capacity of Urban Water Supply

Kitakyushu City

Sri Lanka

Project for Enhancement of Operational Efficiency and Asset Management Capacity of Regional Support Center-Western South of NWSDB

Nagoya City

Kobe City

Laos

Capacity Development Project for Improvement of Management Ability of Water Supply Authorities (MaWaSU2)

Yokohama City

Saitama City

Kawasaki City

Saitama Prefecture

Survey by JICA

●Survey Members from Water Supply Utilities in FY2019

Country

Project

Organization

Sri Lanka

Project for Enhancement of Operational Efficiency and Asset Management Capacity of Regional Support Center-Western South of NWSDB

Nagoya City

Kobe City

Nepal

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene(WASH) Program Advisor

Kitakyushu City

Matsuyama City

Myanmar

Yangon City Water Administration and Supply Adviso

Tokyo Metropolitan

Fukuoka City

Malawi

The Project for Strengthening the Capacity of Non-Revenue Water Reduction for Lilongwe Water Board

Yokohama City

Survey by JICA

●Technical Cooperation Project (Starting in FY2019)

Country

Project

Period

Malawi

The Project for Strengthening the Capacity of Non-Revenue Water Reduction for Lilongwe Water Board

2019/06 ~ 2023/07

Survey by JICA

[2]Training of staff in the water supply sector

ODA supports self-help efforts of developing countries. Further, the contributions of human resource development help strengthen friendship between Japan and those countries.

MHLW cooperates with JICA for group training programs and individual training programs on water supply sector, together with water supply utilities and related organizations.

●The Number of Participants in Training Courses on Water Supply Sector

Fiscal Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
JICA Group Training 64 76 69 65 81 100 136 132 144 83 113
JICA Country-Focused Training 42 100 121 115 89 52 26 61 38 21 84
Sum 106 176 190 180 170 152 162 193 182 104 197

Survey by JICA

●Details of JICA Group and Country-Focused Training Programs Accepted by Water Supply Utilities in FY2019

Type

Country

Course

Organization

Participants

Group Training

African Region Urban Waterworks Engineering

Yokohama Water Co., Ltd

8

Comprehensive Engineering on Water Supply System(A)

Japan Water Works Association

7

Comprehensive Engineering on Water Supply System(B)

Sapporo City

7

Non-Revenue Water Management(Leaking Control)(A)

Japan International Cooperation Center

8

Non-Revenue Water Management(Leaking Control)(B)

Nagoya Water and Sewage General Service Co., Ltd

9

Non-Revenue Water Management(Leaking Control)(C)

Tokyo Metropolitan

12

Non-Revenue Water Management(Leaking Control)(D)

Fukuoka City

8

Water Supply Administration for Better Management of Water Supply Services(A)

Japan International Corporation of Welfare Service

12

Water Supply Administration for Better Management of Water Supply Services(B)

Japan International Corporation of Welfare Service

10

Operation and Maintenance of Urban water Supply System(Water Distribution and Service)(A)

Osaka City

9

Operation and Maintenance of Urban water Supply System(Water Distribution and Service)(B)

Hiroshima City

7

Operation and Maintenance of Urban water Supply System(Water Quality and Purification)(A)

Osaka City

8

Kyoto City

Operation and Maintenance of Urban water Supply System(Water Quality and Purification)(B)

Kobe City

8

Country-Focused Training

South Africa

The Project for Strengthening the Training Capacity of IBTC on Non-Revenue water

Yokohama Water Co., Ltd

17

Malawi

The Project for Strengthening the Capacity of Non-Revenue Water Reduction for Lilongwe Water Board

Yokohama City

5

Indonesia

Second Strengthening Country Capacity of Water Supply Administration

Japan International Corporation of Welfare Service

10

Sri Lanka

Project for Enhancement of Operational Efficiency and Asset Management Capacity of Regional Support Center-Western South of NWSDB

Nagoya City

13

Kobe City

Iraq

Comprehensive Engineering on Water Supply System

Sapporo City

2

Cambodia

Project on Strengthening Administrative Capacity of Urban Water Supply

Kitakyushu City

10

Laos

Capacity Development Project for Improvement of Management Ability of Water Supply Authorities (MaWaSU2)

Saitama City

15

Saitama Prefecture

Nepal

The Project for Development on Water Supply in Semi-Urban-Area(Phase2)

Yokohama Water Co., Ltd

12

Survey by JICA

[3]Development Study

In development study, the validity of projects is examined. The analogy of the continuation of the Japanese water business is like a survey conducted when applying for a water business license. After the judgment of validity of projects based on the results of the study, projects are initiated with planning of water supply.

●Development Study, etc.(Starting in FY2019)

None

Survey by JICA

2) Grant Aid

●Grant Aid on Water Supply Sector

Fiscal Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number 30 18 14 11 14 9 10 2 6 4 4
Amount (Million Yen) 28,411 21,796 15,773 10,500 19,054 11,387 18,861 7,964 9,435 11,551 9,218

Survey by JICA

●Grant Aid Projects in FY2019

Country

Project

Amount (Million Yen)

Cambodia

The Project for Water Supply Expansion Project in Takmau

3,421

The Project for the Expansion of Water Supply System in Pursat

2,405

Laos

Te Project for the Expansion of Water Supply System in Luang Prabang City

1,922

South Sudan

The Project for the Important of Water Supply System of Juba

1,470

SUM

9,218

Survey by JICA

3) Finance and Investment Cooperation

Finance and Investment Cooperation, yen loan, is the funds loaned under moderate conditions for interest, repayment period, and others, through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), to contribute to the economic and social development of developing regions and economic stability.

●Finance and Investment Cooperation on Water Supply Sector

Fiscal Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Number 5 0 6 5 3 1 3 3 4 2 1
Amount (Million Yen) 75,464 0 83,218 88,291 42,442 23,683 70,181 75,600 143,486 21,878 38,642

Survey by JICA

●Finance and Investment Cooperation Projects on Water Supply Sector in FY2019

Country

Project

Amount (Million Yen)

Myanmar

Regional Infrastructure Improvement Project

38,642

SUM

38,642

Survey by JICA

2. Cooperation with international organizations, bilateral partnerships

MHLW establishes a strong international network with international organizations and provides knowledge and information to other countries through organizations such as World Health Organization and International Water Association.

1) Partnership with WHO, etc.

●Revision of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality

・Investigation toward the revision WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality

・Financial contributions to the activities of WHO

・Dispatch of technical experts to technical committees

※WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality
The guidelines for Drinking-water Quality are expected to be referred when each country defines the drinking water quality standards.
In the guidelines, guideline value is set for each potential hazardous chemical such as carcinogens, with a general assumption that a daily per capita consumption is 2 liters by a person weighing 60kg for 70 years (lifetime).

●O&M Network

・Financial contributions to the activities

・Dispatch of technical experts

※O&M (Operation and Maintenance) Network
The Operation and Maintenance Network (OMN) aims to improve information and expertise exchange on the critical subject of operation and maintenance of water supply and sanitation systems under IWA (International Water Association) in cooperation with WHO. Related training tools are developed, and seminars are organized. The coordinator of Operation and Maintenance Network is Department of Water Supply Engineering, National Institute of Public Health, Japan.

●RegNet (Regulators’Network)

・Dispatch of staff to meetings

・Cooperation for the development of guidance

※RegNet
The International Network of Drinking-Water Regulators (RegNet) established under WHO aims to promote best practice to developing countries, in order to regulate a variety of water quality and water management issues.

2) Contributions to the Activities of ISO/TC224

●ISO/TC224

・Support for international standardization related to water supply and domestic measures (Dispatch of members to working groups for the revision of the standards in 2011.)

※ISO/TC224:International Standards of Service Activities Relating to Drinking Water Supply and Sewerage

TC:Technical Committee

3) Bilateral Meetings

●Japan-Korea water supply administration meetings

●Japan-U.S. Governmental Conference on Drinking Water Quality Management and Wastewater Control

4) Emergency Restoration Support

●Restoration support for the earthquake in Sichuan, China
Water supply utilities and private companies provided materials for emergency water supply, bottled potable water, etc. responding to the request from related organizations, when the earthquake in Sichuan, China occurred in May, 2008.

●Dispatch of Japan Disaster Relief Expert Team in response to the Flood Disaster in Thailand
Thailand has experienced a flood in Oct, 2011. The country sought support for the O&M of waterworks during the flood. In light of this situation, the expert team was dispatched.

3. Promotion of the Contributions of Water Supply Industry

In addition to ODA, the contributions of the Japanese water supply industry are necessary for safe drinking water supply in developing countries. MHLW conducts a study to support these contributions by utilizing Japanese know-how stored in both public and private sector, while establishing reliable water supply systems in Asian countries. MHLW has organized seminars and field surveys in China, Cambodia and Viet Nam.

1) Summary

●Project period:FY2008 – FY2012 (5 years)

●Contents:Promotion of partnership with Asian countries, case studies for international contributions of Japan water supply industry, etc.

2) Reports

●FY2010

・The Second Vietnam – Japan Water Works Seminar -outline- (PDF:91KB)

4. Study of International Cooperation / Project Formation Program in Water Supply Sector

1) Study of International Cooperation in Water Supply Sector

The study to analyze the current situation of developing countries and need for international cooperation is being conducted to find the best way of international cooperation together with the Japanese government, water supply utilities, and private companies.

FY2020 Report on a Study of International Cooperation in the Water Supply Sector -Water supply in Pacific island countries (PDF: 1,087KB)
FY2019 Report on a Study of International Cooperation in the Water Supply Sector -Water supply in Africa- (PDF: 3,243KB)
FY2018 Report on a Study of Internet Cooperation in the Water Supply Sector – Cooperation with Other Sectors and Business Expansion to Overseas by Japanese Water Utilities and Companies (PDF: 6,679KB)
FY2017 Report on a Study of International Cooperation in the Water Supply Sector — Policy Direction for Measures Aimed at Meeting Targets for 2030 (2)— (PDF: 1,683KB)
FY2016 Report on a Study of International Cooperation in the Water Supply Sector — Policy Direction for Measures Aimed at Meeting Targets for 2030 — (PDF: 1,562KB)
FY2015 Report of the International Cooperation Project Study in the Water Supply Sector — Study on Ideal Public Relations — (PDF: 1,306KB)
FY2014 Report of the International Cooperation Project Study in the Water Supply Sector — Governance, Human Resources system and Financial foundations — (PDF: 1,511KB)
FY2013 Report of the International Cooperation Project Study in the Water Supply Sector — Water supply business management — (PDF: 604KB)
FY2012 Report of the International Cooperation Project Study Committee in the Water Supply Sector —Water supply planning and implementation — (PDF: 373KB)
FY2011 Report on review of training in the water supply sector (PDF: 184KB)

2) Project Formation Program in Water Supply Sector

MHLW conducts project formation program to improve the capacity of project formation of developing countries. This program technically reviews a potential program or plan in developing countries, provides appropriate guidance and advice, and transfers the technical expertise of Japan, in order for those countries to become able to form a carefully designed good project.


FY2020 THE LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC NON-REVENUE WATER REDUCTION PRIJECT IN THE VIENTINE CAPITAL(PDF: 3,151KB)
Nacala Corridor Urban Water Supply Enhancement Project in the Republic of Mozanbique(PDF: 3,423KB)
FY2019 Study on Improvement of FS for Water Supply System Development in Southern Bali Area the Republic of Indonesia(PDF: 6,048KB)
PROJECT FOR IMPROVEMENT OF WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM IN VAVA'U KINGDOM OF TONGA(PDF: 6,807KB)
FY2018 Projet de renforcement du système d’adduction d’eau potable dans la Ville de Conakry et ses environs (ville de Dubréka et ville de Coyah)(PDF: 4,452KB)
Proyecto de mejoramiento del sistema de abastecimiento de agua potable en los municipios de Villa Hayes y Benjamín Aceval, República del Paraguay(PDF: 5,452KB)
FY2017 Project for Improvement of Water Quality Management in Cagayan de Oro Water District, Republic of the Philippines(PDF: 6,920KB)
Capacity development project on the planning and operation & maintenance of water supply system in the west and the north in the republic of Fiji (PDF: 2,923KB)
FY2016 Proyecto de mejoramiento del sistema de agua potable en el municipio de Holguín, República de Cuba
Proyecto de mejoramiento del sistema de agua potable en el municipio de Santiago de Cuba, República de Cuba
FY2015 Programa de mejoramiento del sistema de suministro de agua en el sector oriental del municipio de La Ceiba República de Honduras
FY2014 Bhaktapur Water Supply Improvement Project in the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (PDF: 16,098KB)
FY2013 Water Supply Improvement Project Study for Yangon City and Pathein City (PDF: 1,732KB)
Study on Water Supply Project Formation in Karad, India (PDF: 3,485KB)
FY2012 The Project for Expansion of Water Supply Facilities in Central Four Cities (Honduras) (PDF: 19,207KB)
The Project for Improvement of Water Supply Management in Three Cities (Myanmar) (PDF: 16,879KB)

5. Links

Water Supply in Japan
International Cooperation
Information about the Great East Japan Earthquake


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