Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare


Pension Bureau

Sustainable and reliable pension system

Pension bureau is responsible for planning and designing for the public pension system and the corporate pension system.

A framework of Japanese pension system

Japanese pension system is providing benefits to insured persons or their survivors, when they retire from their working-lives, become handicapped, or die.
A character of Japanese public pension system is the universal coverage of Japanese population by social insurance pay-as-you-go scheme.
Another character is what is called a "three-tier" system. The first tier is Basic Pension, the second one is income-related public pension for employees, and the third one is the corporate pension.

Related laws

Employees' Pension Insurance Act (1954:115)

National Pension Act (1959:141)

Defined Benefit Corporate Pension Plan Act (2001:50)

Defined Contribution Pension Plan Act (2001:88)



Link to related documents  

The Point of the Pension Plan(PDF:2,479KB)

Policy Information

● Outline of the Act on the Partial Revision of the National Pension Act, etc. to strengthen the country’s pension system(Act No.40 of 2020) (English PDF:91KB) (Japanese PDF:94KB)

Social Security Agreement

To Persons Working Abroad(Social Security Agreement) 

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