Outline of the Sixth Longitudinal Survey of Babies in 21st Century

Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare

Japanese

Statistics

Statistics 1 Changes in the sibling composition (Figure 1)

  Total Only child Younger sibling(s)
only
Both elder and
younger siblings
Elder sibling(s) only
1st survey 35 632 17 391 18 241
2nd survey 35 632 16 451 945 348 17 888
3rd survey 35 632 12 180 5 226 1 543 16 683
4th survey 35 632 8 600 8 811 2 454 15 767
5th survey 35 632 6 781 10 656 3 024 15 171
6th survey 35 632 5 810 11 640 3 425 14 757
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses to the 1st through 6th surveys, excluding the replies with
“unknown” concerning sibling composition.

Statistics 2 Changes in the usual caregivers (multiple answers) (Table1)

  Total Usual caregivers (multiple answers) Unknown
Mother Father   Grandparen Nurses and
kindergarten
teachers
  Others
Grandmother Grandfather Nurses,
etc.
Kindergarten
teachers
Maternal Paternal Maternal Paternal
Total of the 1st survey 35 783 34 895 17 317 7 784 7 574 3 401 1 251 1 251 728 6
Total of the 2nd survey 35 783 34 227 18 064 9 686 5 393 4 535 2 059 1 988 6 441 6 441 821 14
Total of the 3rd survey 35 783 33 407 16 243 9 340 5 221 4 344 2 025 1 839 9 169 9 169 808 23
Total of the 4th survey 35 783 33 015 16 039 8 608 4 772 3 957 1 891 1 712 17 778 11 896 5 938 610 9
Total of the 5th survey 35 783 32 542 16 812 8 561 4 746 3 935 1 919 1 807 32 301 14 058 18 590 621 55
Total of the 6th survey 35 783 32 563 17 095 8 472 4 644 3 887 2 079 1 795 34 707 13 551 21 364 583 29
Born in January 17 800 16 240 8 480 4 274 2 359 1 934 1 070 885 17 616 6 520 11 205 307 21
Born in July 17 983 16 323 8 615 4 198 2 285 1 953 1 009 910 17 091 7 031 10 159 276 8
Notes:
1) The figures are based on the total number of responses to the 1st through 6th surveys.
2) “Nurses, etc.” includes “nurses, etc. at nursery schools” and “nursery mothers or baby sitters”.

Statistics 3 Changes in the proportion of employed and unemployed mothers
(Figure 2)

  Total Unemployed Employed Unknown
1 year prior to childbirth 35 361 15 821 19 272 268
1st survey (6 months after childbirth) 35 361 26 142 8 879 340
2nd survey 35 361 24 447 10 751 163
3rd survey 35 361 23 049 12 103 209
4th survey 35 361 20 458 14 537 366
5th survey 35 361 18 314 16 432 615
6th survey 35 361 16 787 18 172 402
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses with children living with their mothers in the 1st through 6th
surveys.

Statistics 4 Employment status of mothers in relation to the existence of younger
sibling(s) and sibling composition (Table 2)

  Total Unemployed Employed   Unknown
Full-time
worker
Part-time
worker
Self-employed
worker/Family
worker
Pieceworker
at home
Others
Existence of younger
sibling(s)
Total 38 201 17 907 19 828 6 426 9 953 2 221 992 236 466
Without younger sibling 21 949 8 643 13 028 3 904 7 012 1 376 588 148 278
With younger sibling(s) 16 043 9 180 6 680 2 480 2 886 827 400 87 183
Age of the youngest
sibling: 0 year old
2 232 1 493 715 349 202 113 26 25 24
1 year old 3 076 1 911 1 129 494 404 155 62 14 36
2 years old 4 473 2 704 1 715 697 673 206 121 18 54
3 years old 4 972 2 553 2 362 737 1 177 262 162 24 57
4 or 5 years old 1 290 519 759 203 430 91 29 6 12
Unknown 209 84 120 42 55 18 4 1 5
Sibling composition (Without younger sibling)                  
Only child 6 168 2 489 3 604 1 346 1 800 310 102 46 75
Elder sibling(s) only 15 781 6 154 9 424 2 558 5 212 1 066 486 102 203
(With younger sibling(s))                  
Younger sibling(s) only 12 341 7 213 4 995 1 972 2 158 521 275 69 133
Both elder and younger
siblings
3 702 1 967 1 685 508 728 306 125 18 50
Notes:
1) The figures are based on the total number of responses with children living with their mothers in the 6th survey.
2) “Full-time worker” indicates “employee (full-time)” and “part-time worker” indicates “employee (part-time).

Statistics 5 Changes in the employment status of mothers (Figure 3-1)

  Total Unemployed Employed   Unknown
Full-time
worker
Part-time
worker
Self-employed worker/family
worker, pieceworker at home,
others
1 year prior to childbirth 35 361 15 821 19 272 11 444 5 795 2 033 268
1st survey (6 months after
childbirth)
35 361 26 142 8 879 5 601 1 319 1 959 340
2nd survey 35 361 24 447 10 751 5 317 3 282 2 152 163
3rd survey 35 361 23 049 12 103 209
4th survey 35 361 20 458 14 537 5 456 6 143 2 938 366
5th survey 35 361 18 314 16 432 5 633 7 730 3 069 615
6th survey 35 361 16 787 18 172 5 846 9 119 3 207 402
Notes:
1) The figures are based on the total number of responses with children living with their mothers in the 1st through 6th surveys.
2) The employment status of mothers was not investigated in the 3rd survey.
3) “Full-time worker” indicates “employee (full-time)” and “part-time worker” indicates “employee (part-time)”.

Statistics 6 Changes in the employment status of mothers who worked as “full-time
workers” one year prior to childbirth (Figure 3-2)

  Total Unemployed Part-time
worker
Self-employed worker/family
worker, pieceworker at home,
others
Unemployed Unknown
1 year prior to childbirth 11 444 11 444
1st survey (6 months after childbirth) 11 444 5 452 252 133 5 583 24
2nd survey 11 444 4 873 901 256 5 365 49
   
4th survey 11 444 4 592 1 597 499 4 660 96
5th survey 11 444 4 591 1 943 510 4 243 157
6th survey 11 444 4 565 2 275 541 3 942 121
Notes:
1) The figures are based on the responses in the 1st through 6th surveys with children living with their mothers who worked as “full-time workers”
one year prior to childbirth.
2) The employment status of mothers was not investigated in the 3rd survey.
3) “Full-time worker” indicates “employee (full-time)” and “part-time worker” indicates “employee (part-time)”.

Statistics 7 Wakeup times and bedtimes of children (Figure 4)

[Wakeup time]
  Total Before 7:00 am 7:00-7:59 am 8:00-8:59 am After 9:00 am Irregular Unknown
4th survey 36 691 8 729 19 153 6 654 1 494 632 29
5th survey 36 691 9 209 22 226 4 024 367 790 75
6th survey              
Ordinary days 36 691 10 863 22 566 3 038 59 66 99
Sundays 36 691 5 497 17 825 10 927 1 705 597 140
[Bedtime]
  Total Before 8:00
pm
8:00-8:59
pm
9:00-9:59
pm
10:00-10:59
pm
After 11:00
pm
Irregular Unknown
4th survey 36 691 777 5 192 16 273 10 746 2 619 1 014 70
5th survey 36 691 639 6 287 18 487 7 944 1 276 1 814 244
6th survey                
Ordinary days 36 691 778 7 351 20 290 7 032 764 268 208
Sundays 36 691 401 4 397 16 815 11 852 2 069 894 263
Notes:
1) The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 4th through 6th surveys.
2) Wakeup time and bedtime in usual status were investigated in the 4th and 5th surveys.

Statistics 8 Children’s bedtimes according to parents’ bedtimes on ordinary days
(Figure 5)

  Children’s bedtimes on ordinary days
Total Before 8:00
pm
8:00-8:59
pm
9:00-9:59
pm
10:00-10:59
pm
After 11:00
pm
Irregular Unknown
Mothers’ bedtimes
on ordinary days
Total 38 201 803 7 597 21 095 7 386 814 283 223
Before 9:00 pm 477 53 319 97 1 7
9:00-9:59 pm 3 745 69 858 2 726 65 2 3 22
10:00-10:59 pm 8 373 183 1 437 4 890 1 792 11 15 45
11:00-11:59 pm 13 040 272 2 660 6 761 2 925 297 58 67
After 0:00 am 8 911 151 1 568 4 648 1 967 434 99 44
Irregular 3 086 63 638 1 686 527 52 101 19
Unknown 569 12 117 287 110 18 6 19
Fathers’ bedtimes
on ordinary days
Total 36 040 781 7 284 20 036 6 773 709 250 207
Before 9:00 pm 459 19 140 242 49 5 3 1
9:00-9:59 pm 2 367 28 434 1 652 219 14 6 14
10:00-10:59 pm 5 474 82 927 3 120 1 240 60 20 25
11:00-11:59 pm 10 416 226 2 121 5 634 2 128 199 52 56
After 0:00 am 10 820 278 2 361 5 785 1 977 295 65 59
Irregular 5 651 130 1 120 3 155 999 115 102 30
Unknown 853 18 181 448 161 21 2 22
Note: As for the item “mothers’ bedtimes on ordinary days”, the figures are based on the total number of responses with
children living with their mothers, and as for “fathers’ bedtimes on ordinary days”, the figures are based on the total
number of responses with children living with their fathers in the 6th survey.

Statistics 9 Play areas and playmates (Table 3)

  Total Play   Do not
play
Unknown
Often play Sometimes play
Play areas Home 38 535 38 046 36 646 1 401 32 457
Friends’ houses 38 535 26 023 3 448 22 575 10 777 1 735
Public places such as children’s centers
and children’s parks
38 535 30 325 5 829 24 496 6 489 1 721
Natural places such as open field, forest,
and seashore
38 535 20 569 2 501 18 068 15 705 2 261
Amusement places in department stores
and supermarkets
38 535 24 921 2 265 22 656 11 486 2 128
Vacant lot and alley 38 535 13 526 3 843 9 683 22 833 2 176
Playmates Alone 38 535 31 954 16 763 15 191 4 265 2 316
Sibling(s) 38 535 31 421 28 167 3 254 5 348 1 766
Children of the same age 38 535 34 275 19 577 14 698 2 494 1 766
Older children 38 535 28 434 8 319 20 115 7 710 2 391
Younger children 38 535 26 109 6 219 19 890 9 740 2 686
Adults (parents, grandparents, etc.) 38 535 35 895 19 473 16 422 853 1 787
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

Statistics 10 Worry about play areas (multiple answers) (Table 4)

  Total
Total 38 535
Having dangerous places in play areas and their periphery (broken playground
equipment, rivers, roads, construction sites, etc.)
10 632
Having places beyond the reach of adults 7 428
Having no place to play with a ball 9 527
Having no place to play on rainy days (except for home) 19 651
Having no play areas in the neighborhood 8 123
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

Statistics 11 Worry about the relationship with friends (multiple answers)(Table 5)

  Total
Total 38 535
Having no friend in the neighborhood 13 263
Cannot play with friends 1 206
Reluctant to play with friends 989
Having experiences to tease friends 1 202
Having experiences to be teased by friends 2 659
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

Statistics 12 Playmates of children with worry about “having no friend in the
neighborhood” (Figure 6)

  Total Play with children of the same age Play alone
Often play Sometimes
play
Do not
play
Unknown Often play Sometimes
play
Do not
play
Unknown
Total 38 535 19 577 14 698 2 494 1 766 16 763 15 191 4 265 2 316
Having no friend in the
neighborhood
13 263 4 933 5 817 1 678 835 6 562 4 721 1 212 768
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

Statistics 13 Changes in the status of taking lessons (Figure 7)

  6th survey
Total Not taking lessons Taking lessons
5th survey Total 36 926 16 038 20 888
Not taking lessons 22 727 15 042 7 685
Taking lessons 14 199 996 13 203
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses to “lessons” in the 5th and 6th surveys.

Statistics 14 Breakdown of the lessons by sex (multiple answers) (Figure 8)

  Total Taking
lessons
Breakdown of the lessons (multiple answers) Not
taking
lessons
Unknown
Kinder
class
Cram school
for entrance
exam
preparations
Abacus Calligraphy Music
(piano,
etc.)
Painting/
craftwork
Gymnastics Ballet Swimming English Others
Total 38 535 21 586 1 663 904 227 1 131 6 146 800 4 032 1 149 7 996 4 950 4 912 16 811 138
Boys 20 013 10 556 886 477 103 450 1 536 374 2 213 30 4 604 2 333 3 206 9 367 90
Girls 18 552 11 030 777 427 124 681 4 610 426 1 819 1 119 3 392 2 617 1 706 7 444 48
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

Statistics 15 Changes in hours spent watching TV on ordinary days(Figure 9)

  Total Do not watch
TV
Less than 1
hour
1 to less
than 2 hours
2 to less
than 3 hours
3 to less
than 4 hours
4 to less
than 5 hours
5 hours or
more
Unknown
5th survey 37 294 341 4 006 11 122 12 943 5 866 1 851 698 467
6th survey 37 294 414 5 944 14 914 10 435 3 887 1 174 376 150
Note:
1) The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 5th and 6th surveys.
2) “Unknown” concerning hours spent watching TV in the 5th survey includes “not sure”.

Statistics 16 Hours spent watching TV on ordinary days and Sundays(Table 6)

  Hours spent watching TV on Sundays
Total Do not
watch TV
Watch
TV
  Unknown
Less than
1 hour
1 to less
than 2
hours
2 to less
than 3
hours
3 to less
than 4
hours
4 to less
than 5
hours
5 hours or
more
Hours spent watching
TV on ordinary days
Total 38 525 256 37 944 3 317 11 369 12 061 6 974 2 769 1 454 335
Do not watch TV 426 78 345 232 88 19 4 1 1 3
Watch TV 37 949 178 37 584 3 083 11 277 12 039 6 966 2 767 1 452 187
Less than 1 hour 6 122 117 5 988 2 158 3 226 519 70 11 4 17
1 to less than 2 hours 15 390 50 15 275 760 6 912 6 187 1 242 147 27 65
2 to less than 3 hours 10 794 10 10 721 141 980 4 857 3 695 880 168 63
3 to less than 4 hours 4 033 1 4 002 22 137 407 1 808 1 203 425 30
4 to less than 5 hours 1 215 1 203 2 19 62 135 501 484 12
5 hours or more 395 395 3 7 16 25 344
Unknown 160 15 2 4 3 4 1 1 145
Notes:
1) The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.
2) The total includes “unknown” concerning hours spent watching TV on ordinary days.

Statistics 17 Commitment to watching TV (Table 7)

  Total Prevent Not prevent Unknown
Prevent children from watching TV depending on
the content of a TV program
38 309 26 381 11 489 439

  Total Prevent Not prevent Unknown
Prevent children from watching TV for many hours
continuously
38 309 27 675 10 335 299

  Total Often talk Not talk much Unknown
Talk with children about the TV program watching 38 309 28 961 8 998 350

  Total Often watch with
adults (parents,
grandparents, etc.)
Often watch
alone or with
other children
Unknown
Person with whom children watch TV 38 309 22 991 14 568 750

  Total Before around
9:00 pm
Around 10:00
pm
Around 11:00
pm
After 11:00 pm Unknown
The latest time for watching TV 38 309 20 055 10 927 3 403 551 3 373

Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses with children who watch TV both or either on “ordinary days” and/or “Sundays” in
the 6th survey.

Statistics 18 Hours spent watching TV on ordinary days according to commitment to
watching TV (Figure 10)

  Total Hours spent watching TV on ordinary days Unknown
Less than 1
hour
1 to less
than 2 hours
2 to less
than 3 hours
3 to less
than 4 hours
4 to less
than 5 hours
5 hours or
more
Total 38 309 6 467 15 390 10 794 4 033 1 215 395 15
Prevent children from watching TV
depending on the content of a TV
program
26 381 4 910 10 868 7 197 2 474 710 211 11
Not prevent 11 489 1 440 4 357 3 499 1 516 494 180 3
Unknown 439 117 165 98 43 11 4 1
Talk with children about the TV
program watching
28 961 4 712 11 621 8 248 3 161 922 289 8
Not talk much 8 998 1 658 3 658 2 449 837 284 106 6
Unknown 350 97 111 97 35 9 1
Notes:
1) The figures are based on the total number of responses with children who watch TV both or either on “ordinary days” and/or “Sundays” in the
6th survey.
2) “Less than 1 hour” includes the number of responses with “do not watch TV” on “ordinary days”.

Statistics 19 Changes in the status of playing computer games (Figure 11)

  6th survey
Total Do not play computer games Play computer games
5th
survey
Total 36 844 18 210 18 634
Do not play computer games 26 580 16 767 9 813
Play computer games 10 264 1 443 8 821
Notes:

1)The figures are based on the total number of responses to “hours spent playing computer games” in the 5th and 6th surveys.

2)In the 5th survey, “How long do you play computer games on an ordinary day?” was investigated.
In the 6th survey, “hours spent playing computer games per day” on “ordinary days” and “Sundays” were investigated
separately.

3)“Play computer games” in the 6th survey indicates children who play computer games both or either on ordinary days and/or
Sundays. While, “do not play computer games” indicates children who do not play computer games both on ordinary days
and Sundays.

Statistics 20 Hours spent playing computer games on ordinary days and Sundays
according to sex (Table 8)

  Total Do not play
computer
games
Play
computer
games
  Unknown
Less than 1
hour
1 to less than
2 hours
2 to less than
3 hours
3 hours or
more
Ordinary
days
Total 38 535 23 121 15 096 11 306 3 241 440 109 318
Boys 20 013 10 858 8 993 6 125 2 416 353 99 162
Girls 18 522 12 263 6 103 5 181 825 87 10 156
Sundays Total 38 535 19 664 18 480 11 447 5 167 1 332 534 391
Boys 20 013 9 142 10 672 5 720 3 469 1 017 466 199
Girls 18 522 10 522 7 808 5 727 1 698 315 68 192
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

Statistics 21 Combination of days on which children play computer games(Table 9)

  Ordinary days
Total Do not play computer games Play computer games Unknown
Sundays Total 38 535 23 121 15 096 318
Do not play computer games 19 664 18 898 763 3
Play computer games 18 480 4 169 14 272 39
Unknown 391 54 61 276
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

Statistics 22 Hours spent playing computer games according to hours spent
watching TV on ordinary days (Figure 12)

  Hours spent playing computer games on ordinary days
Total Do not play
computer
games
Play
computer
games
  Unknown
Less than 1
hour
1 to less than
2 hours
2 hours or
more
Hours spent watching
TV on ordinary days
Total 38 535 23 121 15 096 11 306 3 241 549 318
Do not watch TV 426 384 41 29 6 6 1
Watch TV 37 949 22 662 15 028 11 256 3 230 542 259
Less than 1 hour 6 122 4 219 1 857 1 575 235 47 46
1 to less than 2 hours 15 390 9 366 5 924 4 645 1 129 150 100
2 to less than 3 hours 10 794 6 043 4 682 3 397 1 144 141 69
3 to less than 4 hours 4 033 2 187 1 816 1 187 514 115 30
4 to less than 5 hours 1 215 648 556 344 158 54 11
5 hours or more 395 199 193 108 50 35 3
Unknown 160 75 27 21 5 1 58
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

Statistics 23 Children’s ways to have contact with their parents (Table 10)

  Total Often Sometimes Rarely Unknown
Tell parents the events of the day, etc. 38 535 25 917 11 133 1 037 448
Ask what children wonder why 38 535 26 869 10 356 947 363
Want to play together 38 535 26 935 10 633 596 371
Ask for what friends or siblings have 38 535 11 937 18 083 7 884 631
Express children’s feelings in words 38 535 27 427 9 988 725 395
Want to touch parents’ bodies 38 535 26 689 10 359 1 132 355
Request to hold or carry children on parent’s back 38 535 14 582 16 640 6 950 363
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

Statistics 24 The proportion of children who answered “can do” concerning
children’s behaviors according to sex (Figure 13)

  Total Listen to someone calmly Concentrate on one thing Be patient
Can do Cannot do Unknown Can do Cannot do Unknown Can do Cannot do Unknown
Total 38 535 31 158 6 804 573 33 077 4 951 507 28 403 9 431 701
Boys 20 013 15 240 4 449 324 17 118 2 631 264 14 063 5 549 401
Girls 18 522 15 918 2 355 249 15 959 2 320 243 14 340 3 882 300
  Total Express feelings well Act as a group Keep a promise
Can do Cannot do Unknown Can do Cannot do Unknown Can do Cannot do Unknown
Total 38 535 29 194 8 609 732 35 531 2 439 565 30 265 7 355 915
Boys 20 013 14 706 4 930 377 18 151 1 574 288 15 174 4 351 488
Girls 18 522 14 488 3 679 355 17 380 865 277 15 091 3 004 427
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

Statistics 25 Types of help by children (multiple answers) (Figure 14)

  Total Set and clear
the table
Carry
shopping
bags
Fold laundry Cleaning Bring
newspaper
or mail
Take care of
animals and
plants
Go on an
errand
Total 38 535 28 558 18 224 16 129 15 368 13 100 10 506 3 059
Boys 20 013 13 846 9 435 5 830 7 146 7 089 5 654 1 585
Girls 18 522 14 712 8 789 10 299 8 222 6 011 4 852 1 474
  Total Take care of
younger
sibling(s)
Total of children
with younger
sibling(s)
16 128 13 456
Boys 8 400 6 758
Girls 7 728 6 698
Note: The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey. However, the figures of “take care of younger
sibling(s)” are based on the total number of children with younger sibling(s).

Statistics 26 Transition of major illnesses and injuries seen by hospitals and clinics
(multiple answers) (Figure 15)

  2nd survey 3rd survey 4th survey 5th survey 6th survey
Total 35 783 35 783 35 783 35 783 35 783
Having illnesses and injuries seen by hospitals and clinics
(Previously reported)
33 899 33 635 33 529 34 262 34 254
Cold, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia 29 775 29 402 28 087 28 327 28 326
Decayed teeth 2 460 6 336 9 604 12 959
Digestive diseases including gastroenteritis, diarrhea, stomach
ache, constipation
9 982 6 512 4 960 5 984 7 852
Otitis media 5 039 4 766 5 065 6 056 5 735
Influenza 4 933 3 341 8 507 5 464
Allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis 1 497 2 049 3 356 4 775
Chicken pox 4 847 5 260 4 835 4 615 4 001
Having no illnesses and injuries seen by hospitals and clinics 1 012 1 685 1 929 697 740
Unknown 872 463 325 824 789
Notes:

1) The figures are based on the total responses in the 2nd through 6th surveys.

2) “Decayed teeth”, “influenza”, and “allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis” were not investigated in the 2nd survey.

3) “Cold, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia” was investigated as “cold, bronchitis, pneumonia” in the 2nd survey.

4) “Digestive diseases including gastroenteritis, diarrhea, stomach ache, constipation” was investigated as “diarrhea, stomach
ache, constipation” in the 2nd survey.

5) “Otitis media” includes the number of responses with “otitis externa” in the 2nd through 4th surveys.

Statistics 27 Parents’ way to have contact with children (Table 11)

  Total Often As often
as
possible
Never Unknown (Previously reported)
With younger
sibling(s)
Without younger
sibling
Total Often Total Often
Mother’s way to
have contact with
children
Play with playing cards or toys 38 201 5 628 25 300 6 647 626 16 043 2 122 21 949 3 477
Do physical activities 38 201 4 783 23 872 8 923 623 16 043 2 075 21 949 2 685
Take a bath with children 38 201 27 433 6 979 3 285 504 16 043 12 097 21 949 15 183
Read books or picture books to children 38 201 13 101 19 665 4 876 559 16 043 5 939 21 949 7 091
Talk to children actively 38 201 28 009 9 173 467 552 16 043 11 566 21 949 16 290
Have meals with children 38 201 34 008 3 505 199 489 16 043 14 371 21 949 19 463
Promote physical contact by holding children on
parent’s lap
38 201 23 254 12 897 1 499 551 16 043 7 788 21 949 15 341
Praise children 38 201 20 687 16 699 314 501 16 043 8 123 21 949 12 451
Father’s way to have
contact with children
Play with playing cards or toys 36 040 6 540 19 812 8 947 741 15 598 2 819 20 263 3 691
Do physical activities 36 040 10 114 19 079 6 171 676 15 598 4 693 20 263 5 374
Take a bath with children 36 040 12 812 17 557 5 017 654 15 598 5 931 20 263 6 822
Read books or picture books to children 36 040 2 943 13 151 19 199 747 15 598 1 478 20 263 1 446
Talk to children actively 36 040 18 398 14 623 2 332 687 15 598 8 037 20 263 10 273
Have meals with children 36 040 13 328 18 843 3 209 660 15 598 5 643 20 263 7 612
Promote physical contact by holding children on
parent’s lap
36 040 16 473 15 402 3 483 682 15 598 7 160 20 263 9 223
Praise children 36 040 15 220 17 790 2 353 677 15 598 6 624 20 263 8 514
Note: As for “mother’s way to have contact with children”, the figures are based on the total number of responses with children living with their
mothers, and as for “father’s way to have contact with children”, the figures are based on the total number of responses with children living
with their fathers in the 6th survey.

Statistics 28 Particular points of care at mealtime according to sex and sibling
composition (multiple answers) (Table 12)

  Total Greetings (say “thank
you for the meal”
before and after
eating)
Posture
while eating
How to hold a
bowl or
chopsticks
Do not
waste food
Do not eat
while playing
Eat a
meal all
Do not leave
the table
during a
meal
Turn off
TV
Total 38 535 27 956 25 048 19 259 24 972 29 444 21 121 22 371 11 234
Sex                  
Boys 20 013 14 455 13 008 9 904 13 021 15 429 11 189 11 834 5 924
Girls 18 522 13 501 12 040 9 355 11 951 14 015 9 932 10 537 5 310
Sibling composition                  
Alone 6 293 4 720 3 915 3 052 3 836 4 737 2 906 3 417 1 503
Younger sibling(s) only 12 404 9 213 8 029 5 815 8 418 9 777 7 107 7 546 4 171
Elder sibling(s) only 15 897 11 159 10 412 8 309 10 028 11 907 8 640 9 019 4 262
Both elder and younger siblings 3 724 2 719 2 564 1 978 2 555 2 861 2 345 2 265 1 245
Unknown 217 145 128 105 135 162 123 124 53
Note: The figures are based on the total responses to the 6th survey.

Statistics 29 Changes in the reasons for satisfaction from child rearing (multiple
answers) (Figure 16)

  1st survey 2nd survey 3rd survey 4th survey 5th survey 6th survey
Total 35 783 35 783 35 783 35 783 35 783 35 783
Have satisfactions 35 574 34 902 35 468 35 410 35 451 35 397
Take pleasure in the growth of the child 29 243 29 658 29 175 29 785
Home is cheerful thanks to the child 28 325 24 052 25 246 25 013 26 862
Contact with the child is rewarding 29 789 25 713 25 258 24 317 25 287
Enjoy the companionship of siblings 18 789 22 244 23 270 24 442
Family ties strengthened 24 116 20 352 20 923 20 263 22 267
Human network widened by rearing the child 9 485 11 795 11 693 15 591 17 351 20 898
Everyday life is exciting 19 455 17 349 13 803 15 181 15 401 17 925
Mindset broadened by rearing the child 15 795 16 388 13 479 14 521 14 437 16 475
Others 3 416 1 829 787 777 760 744
No satisfactions in particular 126 204 142 169 204 140
Unknown 83 677 173 204 128 246
Notes:

1) The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 1st through 6th surveys.

2) “Take pleasure in the growth of the child” and “enjoy the companionship of siblings” were not investigated in the 1st and 2nd surveys.

3) “Home is cheerful thanks to the child” was “family became happier” in the 1st survey, and it was not investigated in the 2nd survey.

4) “Contact with the child is rewarding” and “family ties strengthened” were not investigated in the 1st survey.

5) “Everyday life is exciting” was “life became worthwhile” in the 1st survey and “everyday life became worthwhile” in the 2nd survey.

Statistics 30 Changes in burdens and worries concerning child rearing (multiple
answers) (Figure 17 and Table 13)

  1st survey 2nd survey 3rd survey 4th survey 5th survey 6th survey
Total 35 783 35 783 35 783 35 783 35 783 35 783
             
Feel some burdens or worries 28 555 30 676 30 874 31 132 29 500 29 563
             
Financial burdens 12 061 9 449 9 078 11 180 12 110 15 148
Lack of free time 20 205 23 116 21 243 19 111 14 961 13 532
Physical burdens 14 388 14 201 11 498 10 919 8 579 8 645
No tolerance toward the child 8 231 9 384 8 569
Disobedience of the child 7 834 9 848 8 232 6 916
             
Unable to work or do enough housework 4 222 5 671 7 093 7 134 6 095 5 851
Parental disagreement over discipline 3 283 4 186 4 008 4 098
No caregiver when temporary childcare is needed 4 301 3 988 3 740 3 778
Concerned about what people think or say about the child 1 790 2 947 2 705 3 031
Concerned about the growth of the child 2 490 2 677 2 571 2 777
             
Constant tension due to the active child 12 204 8 138 5 421 3 098 2 338
Lack of partner's involvement in child rearing 2 157 2 382 2 299 2 286
Do not know how to discipline the child 3 061 2 597 2 802 2 150
No doctor available in the neighborhood for sudden illness 1 216 1 224 1 313 1 384
Child being prone to illness 1 182 2 239 1 439 1 361 1 577 1 251
             
Unable to build a good relationship with other parents 422 560 736 921
Child reluctant to go to school or kindergarten 895 852 524
No affection to the child 100 150 166 141
Others 2 151 1 409 1 084 1 230 1 228 1 245
             
No particular burdens or worries 7 054 4 354 4 644 4 326 5 547 5 584
Unknown 174 753 265 325 736 636
Notes:

1) The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 1st through 6th surveys.

2) “Unable to work or do enough housework” was “unable to work enough” in the 1st and 2nd surveys.

3) “Constant tension due to the active child” was not investigated in the 1st survey.

Statistics 31 Changes in burdens and worries concerning child rearing (multiple
answers) from the time of the 5th survey (Figure 18)

  Total Total in the
5th survey
  Total in the
6th survey
 
(Previously
reported) Did
not feel
burdens at
the time of
the 6th
survey
(Previously
reported) Felt
burdens at the
time of both
the 5th and 6th
surveys
(Previously
reported)
Started feeling
burdens from
the time of the
6th survey
Financial burdens 35 886 12 460 3 113 15 526 9 347 6 179
Lack of free time 35 886 15 362 5 745 13 872 9 617 4 255
Physical burdens 35 886 8 809 3 701 8 838 5 108 3 730
No tolerance toward the child 35 886 9 636 4 249 8 788 5 387 3 401
Disobedience of the child 35 886 8 489 4 299 7 083 4 190 2 893
             
Unable to work or do enough housework 35 886 6 287 3 313 6 010 2 974 3 036
Parental disagreement over discipline 35 886 4 153 2 028 4 219 2 125 2 094
No caregiver when temporary childcare is needed 35 886 3 861 1 951 3 878 1 910 1 968
Concerned about what people think or say about the child 35 886 2 795 1 491 3 113 1 304 1 809
Concerned about the growth of the child 35 886 2 661 1 370 2 846 1 291 1 555
             
Constant tension due to the active child 35 886 3 201 2 052 2 409 1 149 1 260
Lack of partner's involvement in child rearing 35 886 2 357 1 252 2 326 1 105 1 221
Do not know how to discipline the child 35 886 2 906 1 884 2 221 1 022 1 199
No doctor available in the neighborhood for sudden illness 35 886 1 368 797 1 431 571 860
Child being prone to illness 35 886 1 631 1 026 1 295 605 690
             
Unable to build a good relationship with other parents 35 886 763 514 941 249 692
Child reluctant to go to school or kindergarten 35 886 862 742 543 120 423
No affection to the child 35 886 168 111 150 57 93
Others 35 886 1 258 1 029 1 264 229 1 035
Notes:

1) The figures are based on the total number of responses to “burdens and worries concerning child rearing” in the 5th and 6th surveys.

2) “Did not feel burdens at the time of the 6th survey” indicates the respondents who did not reply to feel burdens in the 6th survey among those
who replied to feel burdens in the 5th survey.
“Felt burdens at the time of both the 5th and 6th surveys” indicates the respondents who replied to feel burdens in the 6th survey among those
who replied to feel burdens in the 5th survey.
“Started feeling burdens from the time of the 6th survey” indicates the respondents who replied to feel burdens in the 6th survey among those
who did not reply to feel burdens in the 5th survey.

 

Statistics 32 Burdens and worries concerning child rearing in relation to mothers’
employment status and time to return home (multiple answers) (Figure 19)

  Total Unemployed Employed
or student
  Employment
status
unknown
Time to return home
Before
6:00 pm
After 6:00
pm
Unknown
Total 38 201 17 847 19 888 10 733 7 558 1 597 466
Feel some burdens or worries 31 542 14 887 16 281 8 752 6 236 1 293 374
               
Financial burdens 16 213 8 004 8 020 4 602 2 781 637 189
Lack of free time 14 359 6 459 7 718 3 815 3 320 583 182
Physical burdens 9 175 4 836 4 197 2 179 1 662 356 142
No tolerance toward the child 9 156 4 168 4 879 2 447 2 059 373 109
Disobedience of the child 7 365 3 464 3 816 2 060 1 421 335 85
               
Unable to work or do enough housework 6 236 2 067 4 095 1 966 1 846 283 74
Parental disagreement over discipline 4 400 1 782 2 552 1 329 1 021 202 66
No caregiver when temporary childcare is
needed
4 055 2 330 1 667 919 592 156 58
Concerned about what people think or say
about the child
3 264 1 760 1 459 837 484 138 45
Concerned about the growth of the child 2 958 1 518 1 388 759 519 110 52
               
Constant tension due to the active child 2 513 1 354 1 123 620 410 93 36
Lack of partner's involvement in child rearing 2 445 1 134 1 273 747 434 92 38
Do not know how to discipline the child 2 298 1 112 1 158 629 422 107 28
No doctor available in the neighborhood for
sudden illness
1 506 715 772 436 275 61 19
Child being prone to illness 1 340 701 615 359 201 55 24
               
Unable to build a good relationship with other
parents
982 554 414 230 151 33 14
Child reluctant to go to school or kindergarten 556 242 302 181 93 28 12
No affection to the child 152 80 71 40 26 5 1
Others 1 307 622 672 318 296 58 13
               
No particular burdens or worries 5 954 2 659 3 231 1 778 1 185 268 64
Unknown 705 301 376 203 137 36 28
Notes:

1) The figures are based on the total number of responses with children living with their mothers in the 6th survey.

2) “Unemployed” does not include “student”.

 

Statistics 33 Changes in the monthly child-rearing expenditure (Figure 20)

  Total Under
5,000 yen
10,000
yen
20,000
yen
30,000
yen
40,000
yen
50,000
yen
60,000
yen
65,000
yen or
over
Unknown
4th survey 36 691 4 535 8 815 5 944 6 212 4 292 3 241 1 313 2 304 35
5th survey 36 691 895 3 502 4 587 6 887 7 404 6 020 2 181 3 979 1 236
6th survey 36 691 203 1 693 4 094 7 332 8 309 7 254 3 137 3 873 796
Notes:

1) The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 4th through 6th surveys.

2) The monthly child-rearing expenditure is rounded to the nearest 10,000, and the amount categories are as follows:
“Under 5,000 yen”: Under 5,000 yen
“10,000 yen”: 5,000 - 14,999 yen
“20,000 yen”: 15,000 - 24,999 yen
“30,000 yen”: 25,000 - 34,999 yen
“40,000 yen”: 35,000 - 44,999 yen
“50,000 yen”: 45,000 - 54,999 yen
“60,000 yen”: 55,000 - 64,999 yen
“65,000 yen or over”: 65,000 yen or over

 

Statistics 34 The proportion of responses with “financial burdens” to burdens and
worries concerning child rearing according to the monthly child-rearing
expenditure (Figure 21)

  Total Under
5,000
yen
10,000
yen
20,000
yen
30,000
yen
40,000
yen
50,000
yen
60,000
yen
65,000
yen or
over
Unknown
Total 38 535 214 1 810 4 336 7 709 8 684 7 575 3 266 4 065 876
Responses with “financial
burdens”
16 322 36 439 1 296 2 870 3 883 3 685 1 719 2 155 239
Notes:

1) The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

2) The monthly child-rearing expenditure is rounded to the nearest 10,000, and the amount categories are as follows:
“Under 5,000 yen”: Under 5,000 yen
“10,000 yen”: 5,000 - 14,999 yen
“20,000 yen”: 15,000 - 24,999 yen
“30,000 yen”: 25,000 - 34,999 yen
“40,000 yen”: 35,000 - 44,999 yen
“50,000 yen”: 45,000 - 54,999 yen
“60,000 yen”: 55,000 - 64,999 yen
“65,000 yen or over”: 65,000 yen or over

 

Statistics 35 Monthly child-care fee and tuition fee for nursery school or kindergarten
(Figure 22)

  Total Under
10,000
yen
10,000-under
20,000 yen
20,000-under
30,000 yen
30,000-under
40,000 yen
40,000-under
50,000 yen
50,000
yen or
over
No monthly
child-care
fee and
tuition fee
Unknown
4th survey 37 932 3 692 4 376 7 177 4 018 1 197 1 254 16 109 109
6th survey 37 932 3 658 7 586 15 213 7 704 905 816 1 189 861
Notes:

1) The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 4th and 6th surveys.

2) “Monthly child-care fee and tuition fee for nursery school or kindergarten” was not investigated in the 5th survey.

 

Statistics 36 Monthly expenses for lessons (Figure 23)

  Monthly expenses for lessons
Total Under 5,000
yen
5,000-under
10,000 yen
10,000-under
20,000 yen
20,000 yen
or over
No paid
lessons
Unknown
Monthly child-rearing
expenditure
Total 38 535 3 141 9 383 6 210 2 262 17 102 437
Under 5,000 yen 214 15 197 2
10,000 yen 1 810 168 185 17 1 438 2
20,000 yen 4 336 435 813 204 6 2 864 14
30,000 yen 7 709 822 1 790 553 48 4 465 31
40,000 yen 8 684 816 2 672 1 331 116 3 718 31
50,000 yen 7 575 606 2 395 1 885 302 2 360 27
60,000 yen 3 266 170 871 1 158 385 671 11
65,000 yen or over 4 065 109 654 1 060 1 403 827 12
Unknown 876 3 2 2 562 307
Notes:

1) The figures are based on the total number of responses in the 6th survey.

2) The monthly child-rearing expenditure is rounded to the nearest 10,000, and the amount categories are as follows:
“Under 5,000 yen”: Under 5,000 yen
“10,000 yen”: 5,000 - 14,999 yen
“20,000 yen”: 15,000 - 24,999 yen
“30,000 yen”: 25,000 - 34,999 yen
“40,000 yen”: 35,000 - 44,999 yen
“50,000 yen”: 45,000 - 54,999 yen
“60,000 yen”: 55,000 - 64,999 yen
“65,000 yen or over”: 65,000 yen or over

 

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