The organization of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare contains many facilities and agencies including 12 councils, 6 research institutes, 218 national hospitals, 13 port quarantine stations, 10 national social welfare facilities, and 2 social insurance related agencies. In addition, 8 regional health and welfare bureaus, 47 prefectural labour bureaus, and 47 social insurance bureaus belong to the ministry.
Facilities and Agencies
Quarantine Stations are placed in international seaports and international airports to conduct quarantine inspections for people with infectious diseases and to monitor and inspect imported food.
National Hospital/ National Sanatorium
National Hospitals and National Sanatoriums are located in 214 sites nationwide, and serving as regional facilities for advanced medical services.
National Center for Advanced and Specialized Medical Care
National Centers for Advanced and Specialized Medical Care are located in 4 areas; "Cancer Center" in Chuo-ku, Tokyo and in Kashiwa-shi, Chiba, "Cardiovascular Center" in Suita-shi, Osaka, "Center of Neurology and Psychiatry" in Kodaira-shi, Tokyo and Ichikawa-shi, Chiba, and "International Medical Center" in Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo. They provide advanced medical care and conduct researches.
National Institute of Health Sciences (Setagaya-ku, Tokyo)
National Institute of Health Sciences conducts researches on food, drugs and chemical substances to make assessment of their safety and quality. The Drug and Medical Device Examination Center conducts examinations required for the approval of manufacturing and importing drugs.
National Institute of Public Health (Minato-ku, Tokyo)
The National Institute of Public Health develops and trains public health engineers, and conducts a variety of studies and researches in the field of public health.
National Institute of Population and Social Security Research (Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo)
The National Institute of Population and Social Security Researchcreates and publishes the information on relation between benefits and burden of social security system, estimation of social security cost, projection of future population, fertility survey, etc.
National Institute of Infectious Diseases (Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo)
The National Institute of Infectious Diseases conducts researches on preventative diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases such as aids, and national certification examinations for securing the safety and effectiveness of vaccines.
National Institute of Health Services Management (Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo)
National Institute of Health Services Management conducts researches on medical service system and medical economy as well as studies on hospital management including medical service management and education and training.
Personnel Training Institute (Asaka-shi, Saitama)
Personnel Training Institute provides training to employees dealing with labour administration to be able to perform their tasks.
National Homes for Juvenile Training and Education
These are specialized facilities to house children requiring protective care.
National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities
The National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities is a highly specialized institution to offer comprehensive services including medical care, rehabilitation, research and training for persons with disabilities.
Social Insurance College (Imba-gun, Chiba)
The Social Insurance College trains employees involved in social insurance work in Japan.
Social Insurance Operation Center (Suginami-ku and Mitaka-shi, Tokyo)
The Social Insurance Operation Center accurately and quickly processes massive work of insurance business using large computers.
Regional Bureau of Health and Welfare
Upon the inauguration of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, the Regional Bureau of Health and Welfare will be put in place to integrate the Regional Medical Affairs Office and the Office of District Narcotic Control Officers. Its tasks are to manage national hospitals and sanatoria, to control narcotics, to monitor and supervise welfare and hygiene related issues, and to supervise health insurance organizations and employees' pension funds.
Prefectural Labour Bureau
Prefectural Labour Bureau was inaugurated on April 1, 200 by consolidating the Prefectural Labour Standards Office, Prefectural Women's and Young Workers' Office, and Prefectural Employment Security Division. It aims to implement comprehensive and efficient labour administration.
Regional Social Insurance Bureau
As regional office of Social Insurance Agency, the Regional Social Insurance Bureau deals with administrative work for delivering the benefits of national health insurance, seamen's pension, employees' pension insurance, and national pension.
In the area of health, labour and welfare administration, following government-affiliated corporations have been established and operating as government-affiliated corporation and specially approved corporation: Social Welfare and Medical Service Corporation, Pension Welfare Service Public Corporation, People's Finance Corporation, Social Insurance Medical Fee Payment Fund, Foundation for Drug Research and Adverse Reaction Relief, Japanese Red Cross Society, Association for Welfare of the Mentally and Physically Handicapped, Employees' Pension Fund Association, Japan Institute of Labour, Labour Welfare Corporation, Foundation for Employment and Human Resource Development, and Foundation for Workers' Retirement Fund Mutual Aid.
Independent Administrative Agencies (April 2001 - )
National Institute of Health and Nutrition (Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo)
The National Institute of Health and Nutrition conducts comprehensive researches on nutrition from food to humans as well as studies on health promotion including physical exercise and rest.
Research Institute of Industrial Safety (Kiyose-shi, Tokyo)
The Research Institute of Industrial Safety conducts studies on the prevention of disasters in industry operation sites.
National Institute of Industrial Health (Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa)
The National Institute of Industrial Health conducts comprehensive research on continuous health promotion of workers, and cause, diagnosis, prevention, etc. of occupational diseases.