The proportion of employed mothers increased year by year.
The proportion of employed mothers has increased year by year, from 25.0% in the 1st survey to 46.8% in the 5th survey (Figure 2). Referring to the employment status of the mother in relation to the sibling composition, the rate is higher for those with children without younger sibling(s), such as the gonly childh (54.3%) and those who have gelder sibling(s) onlyh (53.9%) (Table 2).
Figure 2 Changes in the proportion of mothers with a job
|Note:||The figures are based on the total number of responses of children living with their
mothers in the 1st through 5th surveys (total number of replies: 37,375).
Table 2 Employment status of mothers in relation to the sibling composition
|Only child||(19.1) 100.0||43.9||54.3||21.0||26.1||5.1||1.5||0.7|
|Younger sibling(s) only||(29.6) 100.0||62.9||35.3||14.9||13.6||4.5||1.7||0.6|
|Elder sibling(s) only||(42.5) 100.0||44.1||53.9||15.4||28.4||6.5||2.8||0.7|
|Both elder and younger siblings||(8.5) 100.0||58.2||40.2||13.1||15.3||8.5||2.6||0.7|
|Notes:||1)||The figures are based on the total responses of children living with their mothers in the 5th survey (total number of replies: 39,510).|
|2)||The total includes the number of samples with gunknownh concerning the sibling composition and the motherfs employment status.|
The number of mothers who work gpart-timeh is on the increase.
40% of mothers who worked gpart-timeh at the time of the 5th survey were gunemployedh one year prior to childbirth.
With regard to changes in the employment status of the mother, the proportion of mothers working gfull-timeh did not change significantly from the 1st survey (15.7%) through the 5th survey (15.9%), while the proportion of mothers working gpart-timeh increased year by year from the 1st survey (3.8%) through the 5th survey (22.2%). The proportion of gemployedh mothers is returning to the same level as one year prior to childbirth while the composition has changed, with a reduction in the number of gfull-time workersh and an increase in gpart-time workersh (Figure 3-1).
When it comes to the previous employment status of the mothers who worked gpart-timeh at the time of the 5th survey, 42.9% and 77.4% were gunemployedh one year prior to childbirth and at the time of the 1st survey, respectively (Figure 3-2).