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(2) Caregivers

The proportion of gnurses and kindergarten teachersh as the usual caregivers reached 90%.

Comparing the data for the usual caregivers with that in the 4th survey (aged 42 months), the proportion of gteachers in kindergartensh substantially increased from 16.4% to 51.2%, partly affected by the fact that infants born in July had reached the minimum age required to be admitted into kindergartens (the junior year) by the time of the 5th survey. As a result, the rate of gnurses and kindergarten teachersh hit 90%. There was no major change in the rates for parents and grandparents (Table 1).

Table 1 Changes in the usual caregivers (multiple answers)

(Unit: %)
  Total Usual caregivers (multiple answers)
Mother Father Grandparent   Nurses and
kindergarten
teachers
  Others
Maternal
grandmother
Maternal
grandfather
Paternal
grandmother
Paternal
grandfather
Nurses,
etc.
Kinder-
garten
teachers
Total of the 4th survey 100.0 91.9 44.5 24.0 13.4 5.3 11.0 4.8 50.1 33.9 16.4 1.7
Total of the 5th survey 100.0 90.6 46.5 24.0 13.4 5.4 10.9 5.0 90.2 40.0 51.2 1.8
Born in January 100.0 90.5 47.1 24.5 13.8 5.8 11.1 5.0 98.3 39.6 59.9 1.7
Born in July 100.0 90.7 45.9 23.5 13.0 5.0 10.8 5.0 82.2 40.5 42.6 1.8
Notes: 1) The figures are based on the total responses to the 4th and 5th surveys (total number of replies: 38,880).
2) The total includes the number of samples with gunknownh concerning usual caregivers.
3) gNurses, etc.h includes gnurses, etc. at nursery schoolsh and gnursery mothers or baby sittersh.

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