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(7) Illnesses and Injuries

The proportion of children visiting medical institutions for decayed teeth rose from the previous survey.

In the breakdown of illnesses and injuries of subjects who visited hospitals or clinics over the past year, gcold, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumoniah accounted for the highest percentage, 78.6%, with an increase by 0.6% from the 4th survey, followed by gdecayed teethh (26.9%; increase by 9.0%) and ginfluenzah (23.7%; increase by 14.3%) (Table 5).

Table 5 Major illnesses and injuries seen by hospitals and clinics over the past year
(multiple answers), and changes in the hospitalization status

(Unit: %)
  5th survey 4th survey
Total 100.0 100.0
Visited hospitals or clinics for illnesses/injuries 95.5 93.6
(Previously reported)    
Cold, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia 78.6 78.0
Decayed teeth 26.9 17.9
Influenza 23.7 9.4
Otitis media 16.8 14.2
Digestive diseases including gastroenteritis, diarrhea, stomach ache, constipation 16.5 13.7
Chicken pox 12.9 13.7
Allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis 9.2 5.7
Epidemic parotiditis 9.1 4.0
Impetigo 8.3 8.9
Hospitalized 6.0 6.9
Notes: 1) The figures are based on the total responses to the 4th and 5th surveys (total number of replies: 38,880).
  2) gOtitis mediah includes the number of samples with gotitis externah in the 4th survey.

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