(3)Illnesses and Injuries

The proportion of children visiting medical institutions for decayed teeth rose from the previous survey.

In the breakdown of illnesses and injuries of subjects who visited hospitals or clinics over the past year, "cold, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia" accounted for the largest percentage, 77.9%, though lower than in the 3rd survey. The rate of "digestive diseases including gastroenteritis, diarrhoea, stomach ache, constipation" also dropped to 13.7%, while the percentage of "decayed teeth" rose from 7.0% in the 3rd survey to 17.9% in the 4th (Table 11).

Table 11  Major illnesses and injuries seen by hospitals and clinics over the past year (multiple answers), and changes in the hospitalization status
(Unit: %)
   4th survey 3rd survey
Total 100.0 100.0
Visited hospitals or clinics for illnesses/injuries 93.5 93.7
(Previously reported)      
  Cold, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia 77.9 81.7
  Eczema, atopic dermatitis 18.6 15.9
  Decayed teeth 17.9 7.0
  Otitis media, otitis externa 14.1 13.3
  Chicken pox 13.8 14.8
  Digestive diseases including gastroenteritis, diarrhoea, stomach ache, constipation 13.7 18.0
  Influenza 9.5 13.9
  Impetigo 8.9 7.2
Hospitalized 6.9 9.4
Note: The figures are based on the total responses to the 3rd and 4th surveys (total replies: 40,616).

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